Monetary Policy, Loan Maturity, and Credit Availability
by Lamont K. Blacka and Richard J. Rosenb
The recent financial crisis and economic recovery have renewed interest in how monetary policy affects bank lending. Using loan-level data, we analyze the effect of monetary policy
on loan originations. Our results show that tightening monetary policy significantly reduces the supply of commercial loans by shortening loan maturity. A 1-percentage-point increase in
the federal funds rate reduces the average maturity of loan supply by 3.3 percent, contributing to an 8.2 percent decline in the steady-state loan supply at a typical bank. This channel
of monetary policy affects loan supply similarly at small and large banks. Our results have interesting implications for the effects of monetary policy on bank maturity transformation
and credit availability.
JEL Codes: E44, E51, G21.
Full article (PDF, 32 pages, 286 kb)
a DePaul University
b Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago