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March 2011 issue
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Gagnon, Raskin, Remache and Sack
García-Cicco
Christiano
Erceg, Guerrieri and Kamin
Galati, Poelhekke and Zhou
Hayashi
Aspachs-Bracons and Rabanal
Forlati and Lambertini
Williams
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Risky Mortgages in a DSGE Model

by Chiara Forlati and Luisa Lambertini
École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Abstract

This paper develops a DSGE model with housing, risky mortgages, and endogenous default. Housing investment is subject to idiosyncratic risk, and some mortgages are defaulted in equilibrium. An unanticipated increase in the standard deviation of housing investment risk produces a credit crunch where delinquencies and mortgage interest rates increase, lending is curtailed, and aggregate demand for non-durable goods falls. The economy experiences a recession as a consequence of the credit crunch. The paper compares economies that differ only in the riskiness of housing investment. Economies with lower risk are characterized by lower steady-state mortgage default rates and higher loan-to-value and leverage ratios. The macroeconomic effects of an unanticipated increase in housing investment risk are amplified in high-leverage economies. Monetary policy plays an important role in the transmission of housing investment risk, as inertial interest rate rules generate deeper output contractions.

JEL Codes: E32, E44, G01, R31.

 
Full article (PDF, 51 pages 3031 kb)
Erratum to page 304 of the article (equations 28 and 29)

Discussion by Tomoyuki Nakajima