E-mail alert  |  Contact  
Search:       Go  
Background  |   Sponsoring institutions  |   Editorial board   |   Advisory board   |   Associate editors
Call for papers  |   Submission guidelines  |   Editorial process
Current issue  |   Past issues  |  
January 2018 issue
List of authors
 
Abbritti, Weber
Natoli, Sigalotti
Adrian, Liang
Kiarsi
Onder, Villamizar-Villegas
Medina, Roldós
Us
Tobal
IJCB Home   Read the journal   Current issue
Past issues
2018
 
January
2017
 
December
September
June
March
February
2016
 
December
September
June
March
2015
 
December
September
June
March
January
2014
 
December
September
June
March
2013
 
December
September
June
March
January
2012
 
December
September
June
March
January
2011
 
December
September
June
March
2010
 
December
September
June
March
2009
 
December
September
June
March
2008
 
December
September
June
March
2007
 
December
September
June
March
2006
 
December
September
June
March
2005
 
December
September
May

Reassessing the Role of Labor Market Institutions for the Business Cycle

by Mirko Abbrittia and Sebastian Weberb

Abstract

This paper investigates empirically the effect of labor market institutions (LMIs) on business cycle fluctuations. Most studies, using a cross-country panel approach, have found a weak effect of LMIs on unemployment and, especially, inflation dynamics. In this paper, we estimate an interacted panel VAR for OECD countries, where we allow the dynamics of inflation, unemployment, and the interest rate to vary with the characteristics of the labor market. We find that LMIs have a large and significant effect on both unemployment and inflation dynamics. Stricter employment protection legislation and higher union density mute the reaction of unemployment but increase the response of inflation to external shocks. The opposite effects are found for the generosity of the unemployment benefit system and the extent of the tax wedge. Countries with decentralized wage bargaining manage to absorb shocks through lower variations in unemployment. Our results imply that countries with very rigid or very flexible labor markets can have similar inflation and unemployment dynamics.

JEL Codes: E32, E24, E52.

 
Full article (PDF, 34 pages, 3151 kb)


a University of Navarra
b International Monetary Fund